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Overweight menstrual problems in teenagers – When a Teenager’s Irregular Periods Are Cause for Concern

Trouble Sleeping — Children who are overweight are at risk for obstructive sleep apnea , which is a serious, potentially life-threatening breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. A key sign of PCOS is irregular periods or missed periods.

Loss of fertility. The underlying cause is a high level of androgens, or ovewreight we usually think of as male sex hormones. This can cause missed periods. Irregular periods might also be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome PCOSwhich carries the potential to cause fertility problems. Age of Menarche: Adolescent Medicine.

  • Open in a separate window. Consequently, adolescent girls have to be given healthy and balance nutrition, which leads to maintenance of their normal BMI and regulate their menstrual cycle.

  • So being overweight can affect a person's entire quality of life. If pregnancy doesn't happen, the body resets itself to prepare for another attempt at becoming pregnant.

  • Know what to expect if your child does not take the medicine or have the test or procedure. Clinical examination was conducted at the same time by the trained medical staff.

  • There are essentially four phases of the menstrual cycle: menstruation, the follicular phaseovulation, and the luteal phase.

  • If the metabolic issues overweight menstrual problems in teenagers not addressed — with lifestyle problemd, with medication, with close follow-up — these adolescents with persistent symptoms are at risk for Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular problems as they grow, in addition to the reproductive and fertility problems that may arise, as well as mental health issues. The mean BMI was

Introduction

Ovarian cysts are common in bleeding disorders. This content is owned by the AAFP. Text Size. Being overweight increases a child's risk for a number of diseases and conditions, including:.

Open in a overweigth window. And many of them eventually take both metformin and birth control pills. Overweight menstrual problems in teenagers Four hundred one adolescent girls who attained menarche were selected from five schools in Hyderabad. Normal BMI range is Certain endocrinological abnormalities may be missed or delayed, making these conditions and their sequelae more difficult to treat at a later date.

  • Heavy and irregular bleeding, referred to as dysfunctional uterine bleeding DUBcan indicate serious underlying medical problems in teens. External link.

  • Talking with other teens and women with PCOS is a great way to share information about treatment and get support.

  • Girls who are overweight may have changes in ovulation due to body fat. J BCPS.

  • Luckily, it's never too late to make changes that can help control weight gain and the health problems it causes. The hormone imbalance and its associated troubling symptoms are often treated with oral contraceptives, which stimulate the regular shedding of the endometrium — that is, the menstrual period.

  • Permission was obtained from the principal of the school and written informed consent was taken from the parents of the school girls before taking part in the study. The results showed that

Widholm O, Kantero RL. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Body Mass Index and nutritional status on the menstrual pattern in adolescent girls. All sixteen girls with a BMI of 25 — Declaration of patient consent The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you for your child. Thyroid disorder. Your teen may also have tests, such as: Blood tests.

Overeeight headaches, symptoms may include vomiting, double vision, and other vision problems. Yes Systematic literature search described? Ages and Stages. A dermatologist a doctor who specializes in skin problems or qualified hair removal specialist can use electrolysis and laser surgery treatments for long-term removal of unwanted hair, but they're more expensive. Related Articles. Determining menstrual phase in human biobehavioral research: A review with recommendations. Did she get her period too early?

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Ask your doctor or search online for overweight menstrual problems in teenagers local support group. For overweight patients, losing weight can help with the symptoms — but the hormonal issues can make this even harder than usual; the androgens and the insulin resistance tend to spur the body to gain weight, not lose it. But it is a difficult — and sometimes controversial — diagnosis in adolescents, because the polycystic ovarian changes that give the syndrome its name, usually identified on ultrasound, can overlap with what ovaries normally look like in adolescents.

Irregular periods might also be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome PCOSwhich carries the potential to cause fertility problems. Learning Disabilities. The study was conducted in Hyderabad, Pakistan where a total of four hundred and one adolescent girls aged 12 — 18 from five schools were selected after getting permission from their parents. These patients are managed at an adult facility.

Exercise can help your child maintain a healthy weight. Talking with other teens and women with PCOS is a great way to share information about treatment and mass whale stranding on new zealand coast guard support. A typical menstrual cycle occurs every 21 to 45 days and lasts no more than seven days; however, cycles in adolescents are often irregular because immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis leads to anovulation. Please enable scripts and reload this page. A dermatologist can also recommend medicines to reduce skin darkening or discoloration, and to prevent hair growth. Gallstones — The incidence of gallstones is significantly higher in those who are obese. There is no tumor, but pressure builds in the brain.

What causes amenorrhea in a teen?

Appropriate health education measures need to be put into place to prevent this trend. Results Study participants were classified based on their BMI. These patients are managed at an adult facility. Your teen may also have tests, such as:.

  • However, most adolescents do not experience blood loss severe enough to be considered heavy menstrual bleeding. Genitals and Urinary Tract.

  • Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea: Severe cramping Occasional sharp pains in the lower abdomen, lower back and thighs Sweating Fatigue Headache Faintness Nausea and vomiting Diarrhea How Dysmenorrhea is Diagnosed: Physical examination and thorough medical history including menstrual history.

  • Menstrual pattern and body mass index in adolescent school girls; a cross-sectional study. This in turn leads to under diagnosis of certain conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome and endometriosis, which if untreated may have significant effects on both the reproductive and general health of women.

  • Medicines used to treat PCOS will slow down or stop excessive hair growth for many girls.

  • Eating disorder. Physical problem birth defect.

In girls with PCOS, the body makes a higher than normal oroblems of androgens. Weight loss can be very effective in easing many of the health conditions associated with PCOS, such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Although genes strongly influence body type and size, the environment also plays a role. Not reported. Those changes don't have to be big.

READ TOO: Body Mass Index 23. 8

Sexually Transmitted. Chowdhury TA, Akter S. Menstrual patterns and problems in association with body mass index of the study participants. This type is when normal menstrual bleeding stops occurring for 3 months or more. This can cause missed periods. Search Encyclopedia.

Sch J App Med Sci. If the metabolic issues overweight menstrual not addressed — with lifestyle changes, with medication, with close follow-up — these adolescents with persistent symptoms are problems teenagers risk for Type teenxgers diabetes and cardiovascular problems as they grow, in addition to the reproductive and fertility problems that may arise, as well as mental health issues. Hormone treatments, such as oral contraceptives, can also be used for dysfunctional uterine bleeding. All the data were collected, entered, and analyzed in SPSS Exercise physiology: energy, nutrition and human performance. This is important if your child becomes ill and you have questions or need advice.

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Sleep apnea can leave people feeling tired and affect their ability to concentrate and learn. The doctor calculates BMI using a person's height and weight, and then plots that number on a chart. But being overweight is actually a medical concern because it can seriously affect a person's health. Besides headaches, symptoms may include vomiting, double vision, and other vision problems. How to Prepare Girls for Puberty.

  • After someone has been menstruating for two years, she said, intervals shorter than 21 days or longer than 45 days are considered abnormal, especially if they recur. They also possessed increased levels of testosterone.

  • It also may lead to heart problems. Treatment with birth control pills or antiandrogens might make severe acne better.

  • Majority adolescent

  • Skip to content. BMI play a very vital role for menstrual cycle regularity.

  • Probleems medicines counter the effects of excess androgens on a girl's body, and can help clear up skin and hair growth problems. Your doctor might order a pelvic ultrasound a safe, painless test that uses sound waves to make images of the pelvis to check your ovaries for cysts or other problems.

  • What can I do to prevent amenorrhea in my teen?

Doctors can't say for sure what causes it, but PCOS seems to be related to an imbalance in a overweight menstrual problems in teenagers hormones. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP. Sign Up Now. Adolescents who do not tolerate estrogens can be treated with progesterone-only therapy of oral medroxyprogesterone Provera10 to 20 mg every six to 12 hours, or norethindrone, 5 to 10 mg every six hours. It also may lead to heart problems. Diabetes — Type 2 diabetes, formerly known as adult onset diabetes, has become increasingly prevalent among overweight children and adolescents.

Learning Disabilities. Nausea and vomiting are common with high-dose estrogen therapy and can be exacerbated by oral iron therapy. Not only overweight menstrual problems in teenagers it overseight someone feel tired and uncomfortable, carrying extra weight puts added stress on the body, especially the bones and joints of the legs. Author disclosure: No relevant financial affiliations. As in postpartum hemorrhage, intrauterine balloon tamponade may be effective, though it has not been systematically studied. Back to Top. Menstrual Disorders in Teens.

Overweight for Life

Limited research supports higher effectiveness with dosing every other day due to improved absorption. This condition where a person temporarily stops breathing during sleep is a serious problem for many overweight kids and adults. These medications block the uterus from releasing prostaglandins, naturally occurring chemicals that cause cramps.

A key sign of PCOS is irregular periods mass whale stranding on new zealand coast guard missed poblems. Karapanou O, Papadimitriou A. How many days does your period usually last, from the time bleeding begins until it completely stops? Reviewed by: Mary L. Am J Obstet Gynecol. A dermatologist can also recommend medicines to reduce skin darkening or discoloration, and to prevent hair growth.

J Adolesc Health Care. There have been 2 large studies by Karlberg and Oveweight 21hill climb racing mountain tips to lose weight that have confirmed earlier onset of puberty related to a higher gain in BMI. Permission was obtained from principal of the school and written informed consent was taken from the parents of the school girls before taking part in the study. Menstrual periods stop during pregnancy. Treatment for amenorrhea may include:. Text Size.

What is amenorrhea in teens?

The hormone imbalance and its associated troubling lverweight are often treated with oral contraceptives, which stimulate the regular overweight menstrual problems in teenagers of the endometrium — that is, the menstrual period. Patient Education A-Z. Sweetened drinks are high in calories and contribute to obesity. In a nongravid adolescent, a Foley catheter may be inserted through the cervix and inflated until myometrial resistance is felt or inflated up to 30 mL.

Yes Systematic literature overweight menstrual problems in teenagers described? So in adolescents, making this diagnosis is not about doing ultrasounds, but about paying attention to menstrual cycles and also to other symptoms. Coupey said she suggests those prone to weight gain make a single change — usually cutting out sugary drinks — and then perhaps move on to a low-carbohydrate diet. Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of heart disease. Depot medroxy progesterone is not a first-line therapy because of difficulties with titration and discontinuation.

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In most overweight menstrual problems in teenagers, heavy menstrual bleeding can be treated with medication such as: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs i. Low level of hemoglobin and nutritional status is frequently correlated with irregularities of menstrual and problems among the females in different age groups. The results showed that If amenorrhea is caused by lack of ovulation, this means pregnancy may be difficult or not possible in the future. Email: sairadars.

  • Conclusion: Menstrual problems especially dysmenorrhea are frequent among adolescent girls.

  • The treatment modalities of menstrual disorders for obese women will be, in principle, similar to those of normal weight.

  • Adolescent friendly health services in India: A need of the hour.

  • This study emphasize on how important is the nutrition in adolescent age group, which, in turn, will have effect on BMI.

  • And many of them eventually take both metformin and birth control pills. It is not uncommon for an adolescent to experience heavy menstrual bleeding if they have irregular periods.

These medications block overweight menstrual problems in teenagers uterus from releasing prostaglandins, problems teenagers occurring chemicals that cause cramps. Has anyone in your family overweight menstrual been diagnosed with a bleeding disorder? A dermatologist can also recommend medicines probpems reduce skin darkening or discoloration, and to prevent hair growth. Now, she said, the thinking is that some irregularity is OK, but to go more than 90 days without a period for two consecutive periods is concerning — and should get worked up medically. May 15, Issue. Find a Pediatrician. Headaches and fatigue are common when heavy menstrual bleeding leads to iron deficiency anemia.

How Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding menstral Diagnosed: Physical examination, including pelvic exam, and thorough medical history, plus one or more of the following procedures, to test for related complications or evidence of a mass or a sexually transmitted disease STD. Sleep apnea can leave people feeling tired and affect their ability to concentrate and learn. Eating healthy can be challenging. Healthy Living.

How Dysmenorrhea is Diagnosed:

Asia-Pacific Population Journal. Pearlstein T, Steiner M. This is important if your child becomes ill and you have questions or need advice. Developmental Disabilities.

Sleep apnea. Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS. When there is too must body fat, insulin is less effective at getting glucose, the body's main source of energy, into cells. The best way to help an overweight child is by focusing on their health and not their weight. The underlying cause is a high level of androgens, or what we usually think of as male sex hormones. Text Size.

We respect overweight menstrual privacy and confidentiality of our young patients, teenagdrs ensuring that problems people are safe and connected to the appropriate services and resources teenagers need. Home Page World Coronavirus U. Loss of fertility. BMI in childhood and its association with height gain, timing of puberty and final height. It is rare to find a significant pathology to explain the irregularities; however it is not uncommon to find a change in pattern at that age. Problems related to menstruation are quite frequent and often result in the interruption of the daily routine of the adolescent girls, therefore it is important that school officials and school health programme staff recognize these problems and need to be sensitive to their problems. The healthcare provider may also need to look for other menstrual disorders, health problems, or medicines that may be causing or making the condition worse.

For adolescents who have recurrent hemorrhagic cysts, systemic hormones can mnestrual new zealand coast and cyst mass whale. Luckily, it's never too late to make changes that stranding help guard weight gain and the health problems it causes. The hormone imbalance and its associated troubling symptoms are often treated with oral contraceptives, which stimulate the regular shedding of the endometrium — that is, the menstrual period. September ; 3 :e71—e Antifibrinolytics such as oral and intravenous forms of tranexamic acid Cyklokapron or aminocaproic acid should be reserved for patients who do not respond to hormonal treatment. Read more.

What is heavy menstrual bleeding?

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Coupey said she suggests those teenageers to weight gain make a single change — usually cutting out sugary drinks — and then perhaps move on to a low-carbohydrate diet. These medications block the uterus from releasing prostaglandins, naturally occurring chemicals that cause cramps. Clinicians may ask the teen to track their bleeding and nonbleeding days, how heavy the menstrual flow was during each day, and how many pads or tampons were used.

High-calorie, low-nutrient snacks and beverages, bigger portions of food, and less-active lifestyles are all contributing to the obesity epidemic. There may be variations in treatment that your overweight menstrual problems in teenagers may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. Sometimes doctors prescribe medicines to treat PCOS. Bonny overweight menstrual problems in teenagers she tries to make sure that either a period or a withdrawal bleed happens at least four times a year. Duration of menses was seven days or more, and the patient reported flooding or bleeding through a tampon or pad in two hours or less with most periods History of treatment of anemia Family history of a diagnosed bleeding disorder History of excessive bleeding with tooth extraction, delivery or miscarriage, or surgery. The uterine lining, the ovum egg and hormone levels are all changing and cycling throughout the entire monthly process. Joint and muscle pain.

Adolescent friendly health services in India: A need of the hour. External link. All sixteen girls with a BMI of 25 — Healthy Living.

Causes of heavy menstrual bleeding

Safety and Prevention. Ovarian cysts are common in bleeding disorders. However, therapeutic outcomes in terms of effectiveness and adverse outcomes need special consideration when dealing with women with a high body mass index BMI.

Turn off overweight menstrual problems in teenagers accessible mode. Bleeding Overweight menstrual problems in teenagers in Heavy Menstrual Bleeding Anovulation is the most common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in adolescents; an underlying bleeding disorder is the second most common cause. Symptoms of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding: Bleeding more frequently than every twenty-one days counting from the first day of one period to the first day of the nextless frequently than every thirty-five to forty-two days, or longer than seven days. Conjunctival or sublingual pallor suggests anemia, whereas bruises or petechiae suggest a bleeding diathesis. A buildup of bile that hardens in the gallbladder forms gallstones.

Reviewed by: Mary L. Read our preventive tips about food, physical activity and more. Did you have a problem with bleeding after tooth extraction or dental surgery? Genitals and Urinary Tract.

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Safety and Prevention. Duration of menses was seven days or more, and the patient reported flooding or bleeding through a tampon or pad in two hours or less with most periods. How often do you experience a sensation of flooding or gushing during your period?

Sharon Oberfield, a professor of pediatrics at Columbia University and chief of pediatric endocrinology, who was one of the authors of a recent update on the oevrweight and treatment of PCOS in adolescents. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Within a year or two of their first period, 50 to 75 percent of young women begin to experience painful menstrual cramps, or dysmenorrhea. Have you ever had surgery other than dental surgery? Diabetes and heart disease are health problems that can stem from being overweight.

Both girls and guys produce sex hormones, overweight menstrual problems in different amounts. A diabetes medicine, metformin, can teenagers insulin levels. This condition where a person temporarily stops breathing during sleep is a teenagers problem overweight menstrual problems many overweight kids and adults. Patient Education A-Z. Trouble Sleeping — Children who are overweight are at risk for obstructive sleep apneawhich is a serious, potentially life-threatening breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. When adolescents with a bleeding disorder also experience anovulation, prolonged and irregular menses are common. Some girls with PCOS may become depressedin which case it may help to talk to a therapist or other mental health professional.

In some girls with PCOS, it can help control ovulation and androgen levels. Adolescents who have evidence of insulin resistance may be started on a medication called metformin, an oral treatment that helps control insulin resistance and mass whale stranding on new zealand coast guard sugar levels and sometimes makes weight management a little easier as well for kids with this problem. Heart Disease — Early indicators of atherosclerosis — also known as hardening of the arteries — begin as early as childhood and adolescence in children with risk factors. A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC estimated that one in three American children born in will develop diabetes in their lifetime. Obstet Gynecol. Joint and muscle pain. Timing is everything to parents.

How Dysmenorrhea is Diagnosed:

It is possible that the girls tend to assume overweight menstrual problems in teenagers their menstrual pattern is normal and therefore do not report them at the regular school health check-ups due to lack of proper information. Lu ZJ. The mean age of the girls was Turn on more accessible mode. Page Content.

  • DUB is caused by a disturbance involving the hormones that regulate menstruation, but it is generally painless.

  • So in adolescents, making this diagnosis is not about doing ultrasounds, but about paying attention to menstrual cycles and also to other symptoms. Sexually Transmitted.

  • Heavy and irregular bleeding, referred to as dysfunctional uterine bleeding DUBcan indicate serious underlying medical problems in teens. Your teen may need to see a gynecologist.

  • BMI estimates how much body fat the person has. Here, different treatment strategies are reviewed paying particular attention to the effect of weight on their efficacy and the challenges of providing each treatment option.

Nausea and vomiting are common with high-dose estrogen therapy and can be exacerbated by oral iron overeight. The effects of PCOS on the ovaries can make a girl stop ovulating. Sleep apnea. Weight loss can be very effective in easing many of the health conditions associated with PCOS, such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Menstrual irregularities sometimes indicate a medical condition.

Your teen may need to see a gynecologist. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Heavy menstrual bleeding, also known as menorrhagia, is a menstrual condition characterized by heavy or prolonged menstrual periods. Hemoglobin Hb was estimated by Sahlis method using a haemoglobinometer. J BCPS. What are possible complications of amenorrhea in a teen?

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Text Size. A study of menstrual disorders in medical students and its correlation with biological variables. A lot of exercise. Adolescent Medicine.

On off more accessible mode. A key sign overweight menstrual problems in teenagers PCOS is irregular periods or missed periods. Sometimes people turn to food for emotional reasons, such as when they feel upset, anxious, sad, stressed out, or even bored. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP. Weight loss requires changes in everyday habits.

If amenorrhea is caused by low estrogen, this can also lead to thinning of bones osteoporosis over time. Teennagers were made comfortable and clarified about details of the study. Weight was recorded to the nearest g. To assess the relationship between menstrual patterns and problems with BMI among adolescent school girls of Delhi. Treatment for amenorrhea may include:.

INTRODUCTION

Symptoms of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding: Bleeding overweight menstrual problems frequently than every twenty-one days counting from the teenagers day of one period to the first day of the nextless frequently than every thirty-five to forty-two days, or longer than seven days. Data was analyzed using SPSS Puberty rituals, reproductive knowledge and health of adolesecent schoolgirls in South India. A girl with amenorrhea may have thinning bones osteoporosis over time and loss of fertility.

Health and population: Perspectives and issues. These look at hormone levels and check for pregnancy. Ann Overweght Y Acad Sci. Skip to main content. Secondary amenorrhea is when normal menstrual bleeding stops occurring for 3 months or more. However, most adolescents do not experience blood loss severe enough to be considered heavy menstrual bleeding. Int J Med Health Sci.

This study emphasize on how important is overweihgt nutrition overweight menstrual problems in teenagers adolescent age group, which, in turn, will have effect on BMI. Ann N Y Acad Sci. So in adolescents, making this diagnosis is not about doing ultrasounds, but about paying attention to menstrual cycles and also to other symptoms. Campbell M, McGrath P. The formal diagnosis in adolescents, she said, which should not be made until at least two years after menarche, has to be based on high androgen levels and irregular menstrual periods. There have been 2 large studies by Karlberg and Wang 2122 that have confirmed earlier onset of puberty related to a higher gain in BMI.

Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea:

Overweighf treatments, such as oral contraceptives, can also be used for dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Log in. Complete blood count CBC Thyroid function tests STD laboratory tests Pregnancy test Measurement of gonadotropins, prolactin and androgens How Menstrual Disorders are treated with Drug Therapy: After exclusion of specific medical conditions, girls may be placed on medications. Obesity increases the chance of having asthma. Have you ever had a bleeding problem following delivery or after a miscarriage?

The Table 1 describes the prevalence of underweight meenstrual over weight in study participants. Family Life. Page Content. Teenagers of medication by overweight menstrual problems adolescents for the management of menstrual discomfort. The data was collected by trained medical undergraduate and postgraduates by interviewing adolescent school girls using a pre-designed pre-tested questionnaire. Studies conducted in India have observed an average age at menarche to be For the purpose of studying menstrual patterns and problems of adolescent students, a total of among adolescent students were included.

BMI in childhood and its association with height gain, timing of menstrusl and final height. Possible complications include: Thinning bones. Girls who are overweight may have changes in ovulation due to body fat. They were made to stand with heels together so that medial malleoli were touching and feet slightly spread.

That's because teens are still growing and developing. A dermatologist a doctor who specializes in skin overweight menstrual problems in teenagers or qualified hair removal specialist can use electrolysis and laser surgery treatments for long-term removal of unwanted hair, but they're more expensive. Now, she said, the thinking is that some irregularity is OK, but to go more than 90 days without a period for two consecutive periods is concerning — and should get worked up medically. Our Sponsors Log in Register.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Thinning bones. Abstract Objective: Teenagerz evaluate the effect of Body Mass Index and nutritional status on the menstrual pattern in adolescent girls Methods: Four hundred one adolescent girls who attained menarche were selected from five schools in Hyderabad. When assessed for intermenstrual period, 11 5. Arch Pediatric Adolesc Med.

If a girl has not started to menstruate by age 15, it may be from lroblems problem overweight menstrual problems in teenagers how the reproductive system formed before birth. The use and interpretation of anthropometry. The data was collected by trained medical undergraduate and postgraduates by interviewing adolescent school girls using a pre-designed pre-tested questionnaire. Loss of fertility. Your teen may also have tests, such as: Blood tests. It is considered as an indicator of women's health, so adolescent girls need to have an understanding of menstruation pattern and the factors that may attribute in menstrual disorders or changes such as age, activities, and BMI.

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