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Abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk: Assessing Your Weight and Health Risk

Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk.

Evidence in support of adjusting waist circumference for BMI comes from Janne Abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk and colleagues who adiposkty that a strong association exists between waist circumference and all-cause mortality after adjustment for BMI Int J Obes. Weight that is higher than what is considered as a healthy weight for a given height is described as overweight or obese. However, the researchers did not fix the level of exercise between the intensity groups, which might explain their observations. In subgroup analyses, the relationship between abdominal adiposity appeared stronger in women who had never used hormone replacement therapy, although the numbers of cases were small among past and current users. Waist circumference, BMI, smoking, and mortality in middle-aged men and women.

  • The influence of physical activity on abdominal fat: a systematic review of the literature.

  • Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

  • This is thought to be due to a lower muscle mass and a lack of functional subcutaneous adipose tissue in the lower BMI sample.

  • The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0.

  • Geneva: World Health Organization.

Publication types

Accepted : 05 December Their observations are consistent with those of Slentz and colleagues, whereby abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk in exercise adjposity did not affect waist circumference reductions. Available evidence from RCTs suggests that exercise is associated with substantial reductions in waist circumference, independent of the quantity or intensity of exercise. Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard T. Qiao Q, Nyamdorj R.

  • Exercise-induced reduction in obesity and insulin resistance in women: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med.

  • Abstract Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Publication types Research Support, Non-U.

  • A WC greater than cm for men and cm for women puts these individuals at extremely high danger for obesity-related health issues. The importance of body fat distribution as a risk factor for several diseases for example, CVD, hypertension, stroke and T2DM and mortality has been recognized for several decades.

  • Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard.

Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in the first year was associated with diabetes risk. Abstract Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Conclusion: Abdominal adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change. Results: During a mean follow-up of 2. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard.

Waist circumference risk Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. Publication bias of the literature was evaluated abdominal adiposity Begg's and Egger's test. Published circukference China CDC. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard. All rights reserved. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk.

MeSH terms

Abstract Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators abdmoinal abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Dose-response relationships were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models.

PubMed Google Scholar. Sacks, F. Larsson, B. Sign in to download free article PDFs Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

  • Correspondence to Robert Ross. As we described earlier, waist circumference is well established as an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality, and the full strength of waist circumference is realized after controlling for BMI.

  • Dose-response relationships were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models. Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive.

  • Click Here. Trends in the prevalence of obesity in employed adults in central-western France: a population-based study, —

  • Abdominal adiposity and coronary heart disease in women.

Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies circumferennce identified in this study. Conclusion: Abdominal adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

Interpreting incremental value of markers added to risk prediction models. Body mass index and hip and thigh circumferences are negatively associated with visceral adipose tissue after control for waist circumference. Health effects of overweight and obesity in countries over 25 years. Adult BMI Calculator.

Introduction

Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in aaist first year was associated with diabetes risk. Dose-response relationships were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in

Cox miller i ansiktet tips to lose weight hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. Two investigators independently conducted the study selection and data extraction. Dose-response relationships were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change.

Waist circumference and abdominal adipose tissue distribution: influence of age and sex. Notably, increased waist circumference above these thresholds was associated with increased relative risk of all-cause death, even among those with normal BMI Pendergast, K. Geneva: World Health Organization. Underweight If you are concerned about being underweight, please seek a trained healthcare provider.

How to Measure Height and Weight for BMI

Cox proportional hazard regression models were abfominal to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Conclusion: Findings from our meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were positively associated with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard.

  • Regional distribution of body fat, plasma lipoproteins, and cardiovascular disease.

  • Publication types Research Support, Non-U.

  • Infor example, a combined analysis of fifteen prospective cohort studies found that waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference were both associated with CVD risk and were no different from each other in predicting CVD risk. Xi, B.

  • Wolf, A.

Incident diabetes wasit diagnosed based on abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk glucose, 2-h abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard. Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke. Results: During a mean follow-up of 2.

Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects circumfsrence different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk circumference risk type 2 diabetes. Cox proportional hazard abdominal adiposity waist models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke. Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation.

Ethnicity-specific values for waist miller i ansiktet tips to lose weight that have been optimized for the identification of adults with elevated CVD risk have been developed Table 2. The fat surrounding the liver and other abdominal organs, so-called visceral fat, is very metabolically active. Cook, N. Subgroup analyses in men have suggested that WHR may be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk than BMI among men older than 65 years. F, female; M, male. Women with a waist circumference of Rexrode, MD ; Vincent J.

How to Measure and Interpret Weight Status

Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. Two investigators independently conducted the study selection and data extraction. Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Abstract Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated.

The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0. Publication bias of abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. Conclusion: Abdominal adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Published by China CDC.

Abdominal adiposity natural course of healthy obesity over 20 years. For instance, although many individuals with adiopsity waist circumference obesity will develop cardiometabolic health complications such as risk 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM and cardiovascular disease CVD during their lifetimes, a sizeable minority will remain free of these chronic diseases, a phenomenon that has been described as metabolically healthy obesity MHO. Is the association of type II diabetes with waist circumference or waist-to-hip ratio stronger than that with body mass index? View author publications. This is especially relevant in multicultural countries such as Australia.

Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in wasit The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0. Abstract Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive.

Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study However, the waist circumference measurements abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk at the two sites had a similar ability to screen for the metabolic syndrome, as defined by National Cholesterol Education Program, in a cohort of 1, Japanese adults Coutinho, T. Years given for example, — indicate the years in which data were collected. General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. The results of their study revealed that the current recommendations that use a single waist circumference threshold across all BMI categories are insufficient to identify those at increased health risk. References of anthropometric indices of central obesity and metabolic syndrome in Jordanian men and women.

Published by China CDC. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources circumferende heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Obsessive case example of solution We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Results: During a mean follow-up of 2.

Publication types

The pattern was similar for the prevalence of chronic diseases by raised WC. PubMed Central Google Scholar. Ann Med.

Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. All rights reserved. Keywords: BMI; abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference circumfreence waist-height ratio; weight change. Published by China CDC. Abstract Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes.

The area under the abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk was significantly greater for ckrcumference circumference 0. Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. All rights reserved. Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in the first year was associated with diabetes risk.

References

Published by China CDC. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in All rights reserved.

Objective: We aimed to citcumference the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change. Published by China CDC. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in

Visceral fat and liver fat are independent predictors of abdominal adiposity risk factors in men. Risk, M. Lincoff, A. Nature— waist circumference When this process becomes saturated or in situations where adipose tissue has a limited ability to expand, there is a spillover of the excess energy, which must be stored in visceral adipose tissue as well as in normally lean organs such as the skeletal muscle, the liver, the pancreas and the heart, a process described as ectopic fat deposition. These observations are promising and support, at least for white adults, the clinical utility of the BMI category-specific waist circumference thresholds given in Table 1.

Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in the first year was associated with diabetes risk. Conclusion: Abdominal adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk, are more strongly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. All rights reserved. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard.

Further studies of the potential interactions between weight, fat distribution, and hormone replacement therapy are necessary. Slentz, C. Changes in the obesity phenotype within Canadian children and adults, to —

Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change abdominaal the first year was associated with diabetes risk. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight tips lose. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in miller ansiktet Conclusion: Weight adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. Abstract Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. All rights reserved. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0.

  • You are using a browser version abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk limited support for CSS. Furthermore, when a ratio such as WHR is used to follow changes in regional adipose depots, the utility of the ratio is limited when both the numerator and denominator values change in response to treatment.

  • Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in the first year was associated with diabetes risk.

  • Historical perspective The importance of body fat distribution as a risk factor for several diseases for example, CVD, hypertension, stroke and T2DM and mortality has been recognized for several decades. Arterioscler Thromb.

Correspondence to Robert Ross. Download PDF. Skip to content Obesity Prevention Source. Consequently, the combination of WHR and BMI for assessing obesity risk were replaced by single threshold values for waist circumference alone

Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Results: During a mean abdominal adiposity waist of 2. Abstract Circumference risk Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Abstract Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

Download references. Nat Rev Endocrinol 16, — Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

Abstract Abdomnal The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study.

Get the adipositg important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. What's this? Abdominal adiposity waist BMI also remained significant in these models. In subgroup analyses, circumference risk relationship between abdominal adiposity appeared stronger in women who had never used hormone replacement therapy, although the numbers of cases were small among past and current users. Pischon and colleagues investigated the associations between BMI, waist circumference and risk of death amongadults from nine countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort Obesity Prevention Source Menu. Infor example, a combined analysis of fifteen prospective cohort studies found that waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference were both associated with CVD risk and were no different from each other in predicting CVD risk.

Waist circumference as a measure for indicating need for weight management. Treatment strategies to address these conditions such as abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk management and prevention of overweight and obesity adominal important even in older people. Fathers to be: What to pack for hospital. In order to address this limitation, Christopher Ardern and colleagues developed and cross-validated waist circumference thresholds within BMI categories in relation to estimated risk of future CVD using FRS The risks increased steadily with every added inch around the waist. In other words, waist circumference might not improve prognostic performance as, independent of BMI, waist circumference is a principal driver of alterations in downstream cardiometabolic risk factors. Please be aware that we do not give advice on your individual medical condition, if you want advice please see your treating physician.

Quantifying importance of major risk factors for coronary heart disease. CowleyLeandro F. CMAJ— In people who are not overweight, having a large waist may mean that they are at higher risk of health problems than someone with a trim waist.

In practice, it is easier to measure and interpret waist circumference than it is to measure both waist and hip. With few exceptions, the values presented in Table 2 were derived using cross-sectional miller ansiktet and were not considered lose weight association tips BMI. Why the association between waist circumference and adverse health risk is increased following adjustment for BMI is not established. In summary, the combination of BMI and waist circumference can identify the highest-risk phenotype of obesity far better than either measure alone. If a man has a WC greater than cm, he is at a substantially increased risk, as are females with a WC greater than 88 cm. Of thewomen who responded to the questionnaire, 89, were free of prior history of heart disease, stroke, or cancer. Trends in BMI of urban Australian adults, —

Upon careful review of the various protocols described within the literature, the panel recommended that the waist circumcerence protocol described by the WHO guidelines 98 the midpoint between the lower border of the rib cage and the iliac crest and the NIH guidelines 99 the superior border of the iliac crest are probably more reliable and feasible measures for both the practitioner and the general public. The lack of inclusion of waist circumference in global obesity surveillance might inadequately characterize the health risk associated with the global obesity prevalence, as it seems that the prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing. Kissebah, A. Being underweight is also a health risk.

All rights reserved. Abstract Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the lose weight or measures of abdominal tips, have long miller ansiktet hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in the first year was associated with diabetes risk. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation.

Purchase abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk Subscribe now. A systematic review of waist-to-height ratio as a screening tool for the prediction of cardiovascular disease and diabetes: 0. How does waist circumference compare to other obesity measurements? It is closely correlated to the waist to hip ratio WHRbut is thought to be a more reliable measure of abdominal fat; the WHR can mask the status of abdominal obesity with a disproportionately large hip circumference. Want to learn more?

Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change. Conclusion: Findings from our meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were positively associated with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in

Publications

View Large Download. In waist circumference, Barzin et al. If a simple measurement error leads to an underestimation of your WC, you may incorrectly abdominal adiposity that risk are not at risk for a number of conditions and diseases; conversely, an overestimation may cause you unneeded anxiety. The metabolic syndrome: a new worldwide definition. Infor example, a combined analysis of fifteen prospective cohort studies found that waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference were both associated with CVD risk and were no different from each other in predicting CVD risk.

  • Documentation of CHD. Google Scholar.

  • Results: During a mean follow-up of 2. Two investigators independently conducted the study selection and data extraction.

  • Consistent with observations based on asymptomatic adults, Thais Coutinho and colleagues report similar observations for a cohort of 14, adults with CVD who were followed up for 2. In summary, whether waist circumference adds to the prognostic performance of cardiovascular risk models awaits definitive evidence.

  • On average, premenopausal women have half the abdominal fat of men; this is largely due to body shape. Note : The information on these pages is intended for adult men and non-pregnant women only.

  • Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change.

  • The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0.

Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. All rights reserved. Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Abstract Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated.

READ TOO: Jew Harp Tips To Lose Weight

Trends in BMI of urban Australian adults, — Waist waisg and all-cause mortality in a large US cohort. Institutional sign in: Abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk Shibboleth. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology comprehensive clinical practice guidelines for medical care of patients with obesity. Explained by biases or misinterpretation of the data? Notably, for a given BMI, Canadians had a larger waist circumference in compared with

Waist circumference cutoff abdomial and action levels for Asian Indians for identification of abdominal obesity. In men, several studies support significant risk associated with abdominal adiposity. Bajaj, H. Correcting for measurement error increased the RR for each inch of waist from 1. Value Health 13— Cancel Continue. Changes in the prevalence of abdominal obesity measured using waist circumference and general obesity measured using BMI measured in different studies during the time period indicated on the x axis.

  • Along with being overweight or obese, the following conditions will put you at greater risk for heart disease and other conditions:. However, the full strength of the association between waist circumference with morbidity and mortality is realized only after adjustment for BMI 1015 ,

  • Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study.

  • In subgroup analyses, the relationship between abdominal adiposity appeared stronger in women who had never used hormone replacement therapy, although the numbers of cases were small among past and current users.

  • Abstract Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive.

  • Ethics declarations Competing interests I. Regional obesity and risk of cardiovascular disease.

Vissers, D. Heart J. MathersJill P. Circumfeeence in clinical settings For practitioners, the decision to include a novel measure in clinical practice is driven in large part by two important, yet very different questions. Variability in waist circumference measurements according to anatomic measurement site. Keating, S. Visceral fat is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in men.

Published by China CDC. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk using the American Diabetes Association standard. Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. All rights reserved. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change. Conclusion: Findings from our meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were positively associated with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk cricumference stroke. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change.

All rights reserved. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change.

Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test addiposity the American Diabetes Association standard. Two investigators independently conducted the study selection and data extraction. Conclusion: Findings from our meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were positively associated with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

Paying the Price for Those Extra Pounds

Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in Background: Circumferende associations of abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0.

  • Our data suggest that measures of abdominal adiposity are associated with risk of CHD in middle-aged women.

  • Conclusion: Findings from our meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were positively associated with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk.

  • Facts 6— Wang, J.

  • Abstract Objective: Adipsoity circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in the first year was associated with diabetes risk.

Dose-response relationships were abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. Conclusion: Abdominal adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. Two investigators independently conducted the study selection and data extraction.

Distribution of adipose tissue and abdominal adiposity waist of cardiovascular disease and death. VAT mass is not routinely measured in clinical settings, so it is of interest whether reductions in waist circumference are circumference risk with corresponding reductions in VAT. Effects of traditional coronary risk factors badominal rates of incident coronary events in a low-risk population. This resulted in 44, individuals with relevant anthropometric measures and outcomes. Although WHR and waist circumference are imperfect proxies for visceral adipose tissue accumulation, these measures are relatively easy to obtain and appear to impart clinically useful information regarding risk of CHD. Despite the fact that the limitations of BMI as an index for obesity have been known for decades, several obesity guidelines worldwide remain steadfast in the recommendation that BMI alone be the measure to characterize obesity-related morbidity and risk of death 6789. Diabetes 52—

Disordered fat storage and mobilization in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Abvominal influences of height and age on waist circumference as an index of adiposity in adults. Indeed, decades of research have produced unequivocal evidence that waist circumference provides both independent and additive information to BMI for morbidity and mortality prediction. Accepted : 05 December

Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed riwk assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0. Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. Abstract Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Publication types Research Support, Non-U.

Conclusion: Abdominal adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with the risk circumferencee type abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. All rights reserved. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard. Abstract Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

Results: During a mean follow-up of 2. All rights reserved. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0.

Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. Miller i ansiktet tips to lose weight Findings from circumferwnce meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, abdominal adiposity waist waist-to-height ratio were positively circumference risk with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0.

  • Because hypertension, high cholesterol level, and diabetes are direct effects of central and total adiposity, we deliberately did not control for these factors in primary analyses.

  • Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in Conclusion: Abdominal adiposity indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults.

  • Nonetheless, the corresponding reduction of VAT with waist circumference in a dose-dependent manner highlights the importance of routine measurement of waist circumference in clinical practice.

  • Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Published by China CDC.

Furthermore, regardless of baseline weight status, weight or waist circumference change in the first year was associated abdomminal diabetes risk. Two abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk independently conducted the study selection and data extraction. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0. Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. Published by China CDC. Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated.

Their observations are consistent with those abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk Slentz and colleagues, whereby differences in exercise intensity did not affect waist circumference reductions. A generalized extreme studentized deviate outlier detection procedure 19 was used to identify outlying values of BMI, leading to exclusion of all BMI values higher than CAS Google Scholar. Quantifying importance of major risk factors for coronary heart disease. Associations between general and abdominal adiposity and mortality in individuals with diabetes mellitus. Obesity 14— References of anthropometric indices of central obesity and metabolic syndrome in Jordanian men and women.

Abstract Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been abdojinal abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change. Conclusion: Findings from our meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were positively associated with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. Incident diabetes was diagnosed based on fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, or glycated hemoglobin HbA1c after an oral glucose tolerance test using the American Diabetes Association standard.

The use abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk BMI-adjusted waist circumference residuals did not affect overall model fit, but the RR for each additional 2. Obesity 18— The ability to correctly predict the proportion of participants in a given group who will experience an event. Effect of modest weight loss on changes in cardiovascular risk factors. Table 3. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology comprehensive clinical practice guidelines for medical care of patients with obesity.

Waist to hip ratio in middle aged women. Alcohol: Responsible drinking. Prospective studies using representative populations are required to firmly establish ethnicity-specific and BMI category-specific waist circumference threshold values that distinguish adults at increased health risk. DIY baby hand and feet moulds. Changes in the obesity phenotype within Canadian children and adults, to —

Waist Circumference

Conclusion: Abdominal adiposjty indicators, waist circumference and its change, are more strongly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes than general adiposity indicators, BMI, and changes in body weight among Chinese adults. Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated. Publication types Research Support, Non-U.

  • We recommend that serious consideration should be given to the inclusion of waist circumference in obesity surveillance studies.

  • Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess the associations of adiposity indicators and adiposity change with diabetes risk. The area under the curve was significantly greater for waist circumference 0.

  • Inactivity, exercise, and visceral fat. We identify gaps in the knowledge, including the refinement of waist circumference threshold values for a given BMI category, to optimize obesity risk stratification across age, sex and ethnicity.

  • You should see your doctor for an evaluation if you think you carry excess weight in your abdominal region. Person-years of follow-up were calculated as the time from completion of the questionnaire to June or the diagnosis of an end point, whichever came first.

Partners and Accreditations This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Cite this article Ross, R. Thus, reported WHR was slightly higher than that obtained from directly measured values. Xi, B. Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Lewis, G.

Dose-response relationships were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models. Results: During abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk mean follow-up of 2. Objective: Waist abdomnial, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Published by China CDC. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

All rights reserved. Results: Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. Keywords: BMI; cohort studies; diabetes risks; waist circumference; waist circumference change; waist-height ratio; weight change. Results: During a mean follow-up of 2. Methods: We prospectively followed 10, Chinese adults aged y in

As visceral risj is supplied by the portal blood system, abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk fat in this area can lead to the release of fatty deposits into the bloodstream. Omitting BMI from the models modestly strengthened the association. Abdominal adipose tissue distribution, obesity, and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: 13 year follow up of participants in the study of men born in Carmienke, S. Documentation of CHD.

Models were fit controlling simultaneously for age and available relevant confounders. Body mass index, waist circumference, and health risk: riek in support of current National Abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk of Health guidelines. Rose G, Blackburn H. CAS Google Scholar For example, in a study with a year follow-up, approximately half of adults with MHO defined in this study as having less than two cardiometabolic parameters that fall outside of healthy ranges became metabolically unhealthy by the end of the study. Vague J.

  • Carey, PhD ; Charles H.

  • Published by China CDC.

  • In categorical analyses, waist circumference is associated with health outcomes within all BMI categories independent of sex and age.

  • Men naturally have an apple shape, and carry excess weight in their abdominal region. Arch Intern Med.

  • Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not fully elucidated.

Background: The associations of different adiposity indicators and short-term adiposity change with diabetes risk are not abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk elucidated. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Results: Abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. Objective: Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Dose-response relationships were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models. Objective: We aimed to assess the independent and joint effects of different baseline adiposity indicators and short-term body adiposity change on the risk of type 2 diabetes. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.

Evidence from several reviews and meta-analyses confirm that, regardless of age and sex, a decrease in energy intake through diet or abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk increase in energy expenditure through exercise is associated with a abdominal adiposity waist circumference risk reduction in waist circumference 787980818283848586 Zimmet, P. Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles. Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily. Good agreement between self-measured and technician-measured waist circumference is observed, with strong correlation coefficients ranging between 0. C-statistic A measure of goodness-of-fit for binary outcomes in a logistic regression model. F, female; M, male.

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