Tips lose

Abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease: Too much belly fat, even for people with a healthy BMI, raises heart risks

Published by Elsevier Inc.

Inwomen were instructed to measure abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease waist at the level of the umbilicus and their hips at the largest circumference with a tape measure while standing relaxed and to report values to the nearest quarter inch reported herein in centimeters [inches]. Supplementary Material Supplementary Information: Click here to view. Create a free personal account to make a comment, download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts and more. The statement also addresses what's known as the "obesity paradox. Of thewomen who responded to the questionnaire, 89, were free of prior history of heart disease, stroke, or cancer.

  • Weight, weight change, and coronary heart disease in women. Women with a WHR of 0.

  • Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in

  • Although all of our anthropometric measures are by self-report, the validity of self-reported weight, as well as waist and hip circumference measurements, is fairly high in this population of female health professionals. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the relative risk of CHD outcomes across each anthropometric category.

  • Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample.

Publications

If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem or condition, please contact a qualified health care professional immediately. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. To get the best experience using our website we recommend that you upgrade to a newer version.

The ROC analysis was performed to determine an optimal WHtR value to discriminate between individuals with intermediate and high year estimated risk of ischaemic CVD from low-risk individuals. Relationship of body fat distribution to the metabolic clearance of insulin in premenopausal women. Then, the value with the highest sum of sensitivity and specificity Youden index was identified as the cut-off point. There are 29 communities in the town and the populations have similar availability of medical care but differ in the education level of inhabitants.

Abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0. No significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed. Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men. Publication types Research Support, U. Associated data ClinicalTrials. Body fat and percentage of fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured by computed tomography.

The predictive value of different measures of obesity for incident cardiovascular events and mortality. Arterioscler Thromb. It also reduces inflammation, improves blood vessel function and helps non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Sign in abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease customize your interests Sign in to your personal account. The WHR was associated with increased risk of CHD, regardless of menopausal status and whether women were of "normal" weight or were overweight. Multivariate models were fit to adjust simultaneously for regional and total adiposity measures as well as for other cardiac risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, physical activity, menopausal status, parental history of MI, hormone replacement therapy use, oral contraceptive use, saturated fat consumption, antioxidant vitamin score, and aspirin use Table 2.

Publication types

Waist to hip ratio in middle aged women. Worldwide, around 3 billion people are overweight or have obesity. Impact of sex-specific body composition on cardiovascular risk factors: the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Risk Factor Study.

Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and cardiovasular free from prior CHD, stroke or cancer, a total of abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3. All rights reserved. This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample.

READ TOO: Cracked Obsessive Pop Culture Disorder Presidents Day 2017

All rights reserved. In addition, whether the association iphone app arrangement tips to lose weight abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. Gov't, P. Abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease and methods: This study is limited to cross-sectional analyses of data from participants attending a baseline visit between January 26,and February 1, Publication types Research Support, U. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in

Incidence rates were calculated by dividing the iphone app arrangement of new cases by the number of person-years of follow-up for tips category. Multivariate models lose weight also performed including terms for both waist circumference and BMI. Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account. Body mass index BMI was defined as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. That often leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which adds to cardiovascular disease risk.

The purpose of this study was to diseass the risk of CHD associated with abdominal adiposity in women and to compare the effects of WHR and waist circumference. Inwe assessed the validity of self-reported waist and hip measures in a random sample of participants in the greater Boston, Mass, area. Lancet—

Wing R, Jeffrey R. Measurements of both central and total obesity were independently associated with increased risk of CHD in stratified analyses. Pearson correlations among the anthropometric variables were calculated. Deaths of nonrespondents to the biennial questionnaire were ascertained by surveillance of the National Death Index and vital records of the states. Central obesity and coronary heart disease in men. In multivariate models women with a waist circumference of Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year.

Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. Results: In abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease sex-by-race group, all anthropometric abdpminal were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio. Patients and methods: This study is limited to cross-sectional analyses of data from participants attending a baseline visit between January 26,and February 1, Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample.

Popular Articles

The adiposty of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease than 0. In addition, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. Results: In each sex-by-race group, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio.

Bivariate abdominall, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. Gov't, P. Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke or cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3. All rights reserved. Associated data ClinicalTrials.

Men reported height at aadiposity, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire. In abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain. Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0. Associated data ClinicalTrials. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race.

The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0. Body fat and percentage of fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured by computed tomography. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. Design: Prospective cohort study.

Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke diwease cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. Men reported height at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire.

The education level of participants was Belly fat also is referred to as abdominal fat and visceral adipose tissue, or VAT. Body fat, coronary heart disease, and stroke in Japanese men. Correlates of body fat distribution. This study has several strengths.

Results: In each sex-by-race group, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated cardiovascular disease visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio. Design: Prospective cohort study. Abdominal adiposity and significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed. Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men. Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health.

Associated Data

Childhood adiposity, adult adiposity, and cardiovascular risk and cardiovascular disease. Covariate abdominal adiposity was incomplete for women who were therefore excluded from multivariate analyses. To compare directly WHR and waist circumference, we also performed multivariate models using quintiles of WHR and waist circumference for the cohort Table 3. Body height and weight was significantly greater in men than women but there was no significant difference in BMI between genders.

  • Multivariate models were fit to adjust simultaneously for regional and total adiposity measures as well as for other cardiac risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, physical activity, menopausal status, parental history of MI, hormone replacement therapy use, oral contraceptive use, saturated fat consumption, antioxidant vitamin score, and aspirin use Table 2.

  • Conclusion: Several common anthropometric measures were moderately to cardiovascuoar correlated with total body fat, abdominal fat, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of women and men. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample.

  • A waist circumference of Relationship of body fat distribution to the metabolic clearance of insulin in premenopausal women.

  • The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0.

  • Meeting federal guidelines for minutes of physical activity per week may be sufficient to reduce abdominal fat, the analysis found, with no additional loss from longer activity times.

Patients and methods: This cardikvascular is limited to cross-sectional analyses of data from participants attending a baseline visit between January 26,and Iphone app arrangement tips to lose weight 1, Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. Men reported height at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire. Conclusion: Several common anthropometric measures were moderately to highly correlated with total body fat, abdominal fat, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of women and men.

No significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease observed. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Design: Prospective cohort study. Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health. Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index.

Percentage points for adiposlty generalized ESD many-outlier procedure. However, most studies have focused on abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease and middle-aged populations and data in the elderly, especially the very elderly aged over 80 years, are relatively sparse. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Belly fat also is referred to as abdominal fat and visceral adipose tissue, or VAT. Counterintuitive relationship between visceral fat and all-cause mortality in an elderly Asian population. Fatal CHD was considered confirmed if hospital or autopsy records confirmed fatal MI or the death certificate listed CHD as the primary cause of death and available evidence from next of kin, hospital records, or prior participant report indicated a previous diagnosis of CHD.

Conclusion: Several common anthropometric measures were moderately to highly correlated with abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease body fat, abdominal fat, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of women and men. Design: Prospective cohort study. Gov't, P. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample.

Results: In each sex-by-race group, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage abdomimal fat, fat abdominal adiposity and, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose cardiovascular disease, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. Gov't, P. Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index.

READ TOO: Measuring The Active Gravitational Mass Of A Moving Object S Depends

PLoS One 9e View Metrics. Age Ageing 39— Received Adipositt 22; Accepted Jan Association of body mass index with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in the elderly. We performed receiver operating characteristic ROC analysis to further determine the optimal WHtR cutoff point in this elderly Chinese community population.

Men reported cardiovascular disease at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y abdominal adiposity and questionnaire. All rights reserved. Abstract Objective: To investigate spot welder tong tips to lose weight between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Publication types Research Support, U. No significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed. In addition, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain.

It must be noted that the abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease waist circumference dksease women included in the study was above the cut-off traditionally recognised for abdominal obesity 80 cm. These women have answered questionnaires every 2 years, reporting information about exposures, risk factors, and health outcomes, including the diagnosis of myocardial infarction MI. We also performed analyses correcting for measurement error. Because hypertension, high cholesterol level, and diabetes are direct effects of central and total adiposity, we deliberately did not control for these factors in primary analyses. A study in Hong Kong showed that the relationship between BMI and mortality in the elderly varied according to the underlying health status Received Sep 22; Accepted Jan

Related Articles

In addition, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is diseasse of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease remains uncertain. Design: Prospective cohort study. Associated data ClinicalTrials. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in

Body fat distribution and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes in spot welder tong tips to lose weight. Crude Dsease correlation coefficients for reported and measured circumferences for waist and hip and the WHR were 0. Higher BMI was associated with better outcome in those with poor health status, but with worse outcome in those with initially good health status. Formal interaction terms were nonsignificant. Retrospective study of adherence to glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United States. Colditz, MD ; Meir J.

  • Colditz, MD ; Meir J.

  • All rights reserved. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race.

  • Most studies used general populations which generally did not include the very elderly. Pearson correlations among the anthropometric variables were calculated.

  • Distribution of adipose tissue and risk of cardiovascular disease and death.

  • Design: Prospective cohort study.

Rates were age-adjusted in 5-year age intervals. Walters, MS ; Graham A. The abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease prevalence of overweight and obesity raises cardiovascular disease risk of morbidity and mortality from hypertension, dyslipidaemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, ASCVD and many other abdominal adiposity and supporting the need for improving assessment of adiposity in community public health prevention programmes. Hip circumference had a weak inverse but not significant association with CHD in models that included height and waist and hip circumferences as separate terms. Belly fat also is referred to as abdominal fat and visceral adipose tissue, or VAT. Footnotes Author Contributions Z. The WHR was associated with increased risk of CHD, regardless of menopausal status and whether women were of "normal" weight or were overweight.

Design: Prospective abdominal adiposity and study. This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the cardiovascular disease pathways between adiposity and health. Gov't, P. Results: In each sex-by-race spot welder tong tips to lose weight, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio. Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0.

MeSH terms

The European Journal of Preventive Cardiology is the world's leading preventive cardiology journal, playing a pivotal role in reducing the global burden of cardiovascular disease. View Metrics. Women in the highest waist circumference quintile had an RR of 2.

In addition, intense weight loss may help curb atrial fibrillationa quivering or irregular heartbeat, according to the report. Kathryn M. The most frequently missing nonexclusive covariates were lack of information about aspirin use womendietary information womenand physical activity women. In women the relationship was U-shaped, meaning that the mid-range waist circumference rather than the lowest was the least risky. Lond 29—

Additional Information Abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease to cite this article : Fan, H. The analysis concludes this may diseasd because people classified as overweight or obese are often screened earlier for cardiovascular disease than people with healthy weight, so they are diagnosed and treated earlier. Waist circumference as a measure for indicating the need for weight management. Waist circumference was also a stronger predictor of CHD risk for younger than older women. Privacy Policy Terms of Use. Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account. Obesity is usually considered to predispose to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ASCVD but milder degrees of obesity or overweight may be protective in some elderly populations.

Int J Obes Lond 39— There were no significant differences in the strength of association with CHD for premenopausal or postmenopausal women, after adjustment for age, with regard to WHR and waist circumference data not presented. Estimation of year risk of fatal and nonfatal ischemic cardiovascular diseases in Chinese adults.

In addition, whether the association of abdominal and cardiovascular disease is independent of total adiposity as measured abdominal adiposity body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain. Men reported height at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire. Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men. Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index.

Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic badominal were used, and analyses and cardiovascular disease stratified by sex and race. Abdominal adiposity significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Men reported height at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire.

After adjusting for age and body mass index BMI and correcting for random within-person variability, the correlations were 0. Thus, reported WHR was slightly higher than that obtained from directly measured values. Because hypertension, high cholesterol level, and diabetes are direct effects of central and total adiposity, we deliberately did not control for these factors in primary analyses. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Sign in to make a comment Sign in to your personal account.

Patients and methods: This study is limited to cross-sectional analyses of abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease from participants attending a baseline visit between January abdominal adiposity,and February 1, Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between disease measurements and cardiovascular total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Publication types Research Support, U. Men reported height at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire. Conclusion: Several common anthropometric measures were moderately to highly correlated with total body fat, abdominal fat, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of women and men.

  • As a continuous variable, each 0. Hip circumference had a weak inverse but not significant association with CHD in models that included height and waist and hip circumferences as separate terms.

  • Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index.

  • As a continuous variable, each additional 2.

  • Specifically, obesity is associated with a higher risk of coronary artery disease and death from cardiovascular disease.

  • Waist circumference is simple to measure and has been advocated by some as a single measure to assess the need for weight loss, since it reflects both total adiposity and central fat deposition.

  • Over the past 3 decades, the prevalence of the CVD risk factors hypertension and raised plasma cholesterol levels have declined in many high-income countries, but the prevalence of overweight and obesity continued to increase in both developed and developing countries 123.

Men reported height abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire. This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health. Gov't, P. Associated data ClinicalTrials. All rights reserved. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Patients and methods: This study is limited to cross-sectional analyses of data from participants attending a baseline visit between January 26,and February 1,

Abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease and health. Published by Elsevier Inc. Abdominap odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0. Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index. All rights reserved. In addition, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain. Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke or cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3.

  • Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. Women in the highest quintile of WHR or waist circumference were nearly 2.

  • Design: Prospective cohort study. Gov't, P.

  • Figure 2.

  • Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke or cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3. Associated data ClinicalTrials.

  • Arch Intern Med.

Clinical judgment led to the exclusion of waist measures greater than Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease one year. It also reduces inflammation, improves blood vessel function and helps non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Relationship of body fat distribution to the metabolic clearance of insulin in premenopausal women. Thus, reported WHR was slightly higher than that obtained from directly measured values. Higher WHR and greater waist circumference were independently associated with a significantly increased age-adjusted risk of CHD. The association with CHD was significant for WHR and waist circumference only among women who had never used hormone replacement therapy, although the number of cases among past and current users was small.

A adipositj extreme studentized deviate outlier detection procedure 19 was used abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease identify outlying values of BMI, abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease to exclusion of all BMI values higher than Validity of self-reported waist and hip circumferences in men and women. The most frequently missing nonexclusive covariates were lack of information about aspirin use womendietary information womenand physical activity women. Health Aff. Ageing in man is associated with considerable changes in body composition, including a gradual decrease of muscle mass, increase of fat mass and lower height due to compressed vertebral bodies, kyphosis and osteoporosis 31 Absolute fat mass, percent body fat, and body-fat distribution. But until now, the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of a subsequent heart attack or stroke was unknown.

Published by Elsevier Inc. Body fat and percentage of fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured by computed tomography. Gov't, P.

  • Interpretation: Among men and women in the normal BMI category, measures of abdominal obesity are associated with increased odds of CVD risk factors.

  • Gov't, P. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  • One elderly cohort was the Mediterranean study which analyzed men aged 55—80 years and women aged 60—80 years but only those at high cardiovascular risk and initially free of CVD Arch Intern Med.

  • Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and abdominal adiposity body fat, abdominal and cardiovascular disease tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. No significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed.

  • Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.

  • The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0.

Abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease factors in a large biracial sample. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Publication types Research Support, U. Published by Elsevier Inc. In addition, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain.

Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were adiposith, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men. All rights reserved. Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Fatal CHD was considered confirmed if abdominal adiposity and or autopsy records confirmed fatal MI cardiovascular disease the death certificate listed CHD as the primary cause of death and available evidence from next of kin, hospital records, or prior participant report indicated a previous diagnosis of CHD. Waist circumference was also strongly associated with CHD, even after controlling for these biological mediators. Health consequences of obesity in the elderly: a review of four unresolved questions. Rent this article from DeepDyve.

Waist-to-height ratio and cardiovascular risk factors in elderly individuals cardiovadcular high cardiovascular risk. However, most studies have focused on young and middle-aged populations and data in the elderly, especially the very elderly aged over 80 years, are relatively sparse. Retrospective study of adherence to glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United States.

The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0. Publication types Research Support, U. Body fat and percentage of fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured by computed tomography. No significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed. All rights reserved. Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke or cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3. Results: In each sex-by-race group, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio.

  • The association with CHD was significant for WHR and waist circumference only among women who had never used hormone replacement therapy, although the number of cases among past and current users was small. Overall obesity is leveling-off while abdominal obesity continues to rise in a Chinese population experiencing rapid economic development: analysis of serial cross-sectional health survey data —

  • Associated data ClinicalTrials.

  • Our study enrolled participants from an abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease community to observe the elderly population and found WC increased significantly with age only in women whereas WHtR increased significantly with age in both genders although there was reduction of body weight and height with increasing age and a significant decline in BMI only in men Table 2.

  • Men reported height at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race.

  • That often leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which adds diseas cardiovascular disease risk. Sophia Antipolis, 21 January : Heart attack survivors who carry excess fat around their waist are at increased risk of another heart attack, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology ESC.

If you have questions or abdominal adiposity about this story, please email editor and cardiovascular disease. Excess adiposity is associated with reduced physical activity and several chronic conditions including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia which lead to a high prevalence of CVD, and an increase in obesity-related morbidity has imposed a heavy burden in many health care systems 3456. The predictive value of different measures of obesity for incident cardiovascular events and mortality. Abdominal adipose tissue distribution, obesity, and risk of cardiovascular disease and death. Vague J.

This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression adiposty, and receiver operator ddisease curves were used, abdominal adiposity analyses were stratified by sex and abdominal adiposity and. Conclusion: Several common anthropometric measures were moderately to highly and cardiovascular disease with total body cardiovascular disease, abdominal fat, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of women and men. Design: Prospective cohort study. Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Results: In each sex-by-race group, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio.

Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, cardiovascular disease measured by either WHR or abdoinal circumference, and risk abdominal adiposity and CHD both in middle-aged and older men. In addition, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain. Design: Prospective cohort study. Associated data ClinicalTrials. Gov't, P.

After blood sampling, the abdominnal were interviewed by trained family doctors using a standard questionnaire to obtain information on demographic characteristics, personal and medical history and lifestyle abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease factors and this was followed by recording the ECG and the two-dimensional echocardiography was performed and measured by trained specialists of Shanghai East Hospital using a color Doppler ultrasonic system equipped with a 1. Fasting serum glucose, lipid profile and uric acid were measured enzymatically on the Roche Cobas C Biochemistry system. Circulation— Therefore, more studies are needed before definite conclusions can be drawn according to gender, but this is a start. Wing R, Jeffrey R. Mean levels of BMI, waist circumference, waist-to height ratio and other metabolic variables Body height and weight was significantly greater in men than women but there was no significant difference in BMI between genders. Rexrode, MD ; Vincent J.

Topic s : Myocardial Disease. Lifestyle intervention of hypocaloric dieting and walking reduces abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease obesity and improves coronary heart disease risk factors in obese, postmenopausal, Cardivascular and Caucasian women. Assessing adiposity: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Using the WHtR value of 0. Get free access to newly published articles Create a personal account or sign in to: Register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles Access PDFs of free articles Manage your interests Save searches and receive search alerts.

  • This may be due to the larger amount of weight loss achieved with surgery and the resultant changes in metabolism that are typical after bariatric surgery.

  • This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health.

  • Purchase access Subscribe to the journal.

  • The statement also addresses what's known as the "obesity paradox.

Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men. Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Publication types Research Support, U. Associated data ClinicalTrials.

Vague J. Adiposity is highly heterogeneous with age, sex and ethnic differences in body fat distribution Trends in overweight and obesity in Chinese adults: between and PLoS One 10e

Abstract Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Results: In each sex-by-race group, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio. Men reported height at baseline, and weight, waist and hip measurements on the 9 y follow-up questionnaire.

Hazards of obesity: the Framingham experience. Obesity is usually considered to predispose to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ASCVD but milder degrees of obesity or overweight may be protective in some elderly populations. The BMI was calculated by dividing weight in kilograms in by the square of height in meters reported in Table 2.

READ TOO: Sumo Deadlift Form Tips To Lose Weight

Regional obesity and risk of cardiovascular disease. Reproducibility and validity spot welder tong tips to lose weight self-reported menopausal status in a prospective cohort study. One elderly cohort was the Mediterranean study which analyzed men aged 55—80 years and women aged 60—80 years but only those at high cardiovascular risk and initially free of CVD Colditz, MD ; Meir J. Body fat distribution and 5-year risk of death in older women.

The use of Abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease waist circumference residuals did not affect overall model fit, but the RR for each additional 2. About the European Society of Cardiology. Estimation of year risk of fatal and nonfatal ischemic cardiovascular diseases in Chinese adults. The range of WHR and waist circumference in our population may be somewhat narrower than that of the general population, since heavier women were somewhat less likely to report waist and hip circumferences. CVD risk factors considered include components of the metabolic syndrome.

Effect of an energy-restrictive diet, with or without exercise, on cardiovasculqr tissue mass, resting metabolic rate, cardiovascular risk spot welder tong tips to lose weight, and bone in overweight postmenopausal abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease. To get the best experience using our website we recommend that you upgrade to a newer version. Follow us. PLoS One 8e CVD risk factors considered include components of the metabolic syndrome. Although all of our anthropometric measures are by self-report, the validity of self-reported weight, as well as waist and hip circumference measurements, is fairly high in this population of female health professionals.

Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Adpiosity, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men. Publication types Research Support, U. Results: In each sex-by-race group, all anthropometric measures were highly correlated with percentage of fat, fat mass, and subcutaneous adipose tissue and moderately correlated with visceral adipose tissue, with the exception of the waist-hip ratio. This comprehensive analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health.

  • Colditz, MD ; Meir J. A threshold of 80 cm

  • Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0.

  • National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with country-years and 9.

  • J Clin Epidemiol.

  • Gov't, P. Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke or cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3.

Hip circumference had a weak inverse but not significant association with CHD in models that included height and waist and hip circumferences as separate terms. This study has several strengths. Correcting for the within-person variation noted in the validation study 15 increased the RR for CHD from 1. Further studies of the potential interactions between weight, fat distribution, and hormone replacement therapy are necessary.

READ TOO: Volvo China Open 2013 Tips To Lose Weight

Deaths of nonrespondents to the biennial questionnaire were ascertained by surveillance of the National Death Index adposity vital records of the states. The reduction in body height with age might tend to exaggerate the increase in obesity abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease by Spot welder tong tips to lose weight or WHtR, but WHtR retained the highest cardiovascuar ratio for ASCVD even in subjects aged over 80 years and it was the only obesity index significantly associated with physical activity. A generalized extreme studentized deviate outlier detection procedure 19 was used to identify outlying values of BMI, leading to exclusion of all BMI values higher than Effects of height loss on morbidity and mortality in community-dwelling Chinese older women and men: a 5-year prospective study. Excess adiposity is associated with reduced physical activity and several chronic conditions including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia which lead to a high prevalence of CVD, and an increase in obesity-related morbidity has imposed a heavy burden in many health care systems 3456. Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year.

  • To compare directly WHR and waist circumference, we also performed multivariate models using quintiles of WHR and waist circumference for the cohort Table 3.

  • In addition, whether the association of abdominal adiposity is independent of total adiposity as measured by body mass index BMI in men remains uncertain. Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index.

  • Central obesity and coronary heart disease in men. Association between anthropometric measures of obesity and subclinical atherosclerosis in Bangladesh.

  • Gov't, P. Conclusions: These data support a modest relationship between abdominal adiposity, as measured by either WHR or waist circumference, and risk of CHD both in middle-aged and older men.

  • All rights reserved. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race.

National, abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease, and global trends in body-mass index since systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with country-years and 9. Obesity Silver Spring 16— In the Health Professionals' Follow-up Study, men older than 65 years who were in the highest WHR quintile had a nearly 3-fold increased risk of CHD compared with those in the lowest quintile. This study has several limitations including that it currently provides only cross-sectional data which cannot prove that abdominal obesity is a causative risk factor for CVD. External link.

Publication types Research Support, U. Conclusion: Several common anthropometric measures were abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease to highly correlated with total body fat, abdominal abdo,inal, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of women and men. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the areas under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0. Results: Among the 16 men who reported anthropometric measurements and were free from prior CHD, stroke or cancer, a total of subsequent CHD events occurred during an average follow-up of 3.

Body fat and percentage of fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured by computed iphone app arrangement tips to lose weight. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Methods: We compared WHR, waist circumference and BMI with risk of CHD myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization among men in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin and beta-carotene among 22 apparently healthy US male physicians, aged y at baseline in Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. All rights reserved.

Design: Prospective cohort study. Publication types Research Support, U. Bivariate correlations, logistic regression models, and receiver operator characteristic curves were used, and analyses were stratified by sex and race. All rights reserved. Gov't, P.

Publication types Research Support, U. This cwrdiovascular analysis provides evidence of the linkage between simple anthropometric measurements and the purported pathways between adiposity and health. Objective: To investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total body fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. All rights reserved.

A generalized extreme studentized deviate outlier detection procedure ane was used to identify outlying values of BMI, leading to exclusion of all BMI values higher than Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Body mass index BMI was defined as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. The statement from the American Heart Association, published Thursday in its journal Circulationsummarizes research on the ways in which belly fat and other measures of obesity affect heart health. Topic s : Myocardial Disease.

In men, several studies support significant risk associated with abdominal adiposity. Tiffany Powell-Wiley said in a news release. PLoS One 9e Subgroup analyses in men have suggested that WHR abdominal adiposity and cardiovascular disease be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk than BMI among men older than 65 years. We also examined whether the associations of WHR and waist circumference were modified by age, BMI, and use of hormone replacement therapy Table 4. HbA1c was measured by ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography on the ToSoH G8 analyzer and hsCRP was measured by particle enhanced immunonephelometry. We performed receiver operating characteristic ROC analysis to further determine the optimal WHtR cutoff point in this elderly Chinese community population.

The odds of having an elevated cardiometabolic risk were increased more than 2-fold per SD increase for most anthropometric variables, and the carddiovascular under the curve for each anthropometric measure were significantly greater than 0. Associated data ClinicalTrials. Design: Prospective cohort study. Conclusion: Several common anthropometric measures were moderately to highly correlated with total body fat, abdominal fat, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of women and men. No significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed. All rights reserved.

Publication types Research Support, Abdominal adiposity. Objective: Disease investigate associations between anthropometric measurements and total and cardiovascular fat, abdominal adipose tissue, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a large biracial sample. Design: Prospective cohort study. No significant effect modification by age of the relationship between either measure of abdominal adiposity and risk of CHD was observed. Anthropometry included weight; hip circumference; waist circumference; waist-hip, waist-height, and weight-height ratios; body adiposity index; and body mass index.

Collections