Hypothyroidism

Body mass index a measure of the nutritional status in indian populations – Assessment of nutritional status using anthropometric variables by multivariate analysis

However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent.

According to Indiam category, 6. Association between WC and health risks is not an easy task and should be done scientifically using proper techniques. Negative Composite Scores were considered as undernutrition and positive Scores as normal nutritional status. Then the same analysis was also used to test the strength of the classification category on the basis of observed and predicted values Table 6. However, there are some difficulties associated with the sole use of BMI, for example the ratio of sitting height to standing height or cormic index can influence BMI [ 25 ].

  • Improper nutrition leads to the consumption of excess calorie over-nutrition or insufficient supply of one or more essential nutrients under-nutrition. This is the reverse of MANOVA, where the independent variables are the continuous predictors and dependent variables are the groups [ 36 ].

  • Mean BMI values were lower in landless agricultural occupational groups and in low per capita income group households compared with cultivators, artisan and higher income groups.

  • Every Woman every child. Conclusion Therefore, anthropometric measurements can be used to identify nutritional status in the population more correctly by calculating Composite Score of the measurements and it is a non-invasive and relatively correct way of identification.

  • Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population.

Background

Abstract Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major meaeure groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion.

  • The present study tried to assess the nutritional status of a particular ethnic group with selected anthropometric measurements by computing Composite Score. PubMed Google Scholar.

  • Data on body weight, height, and off height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. Abstract Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups.

  • Background Human body needs a proper nutrition through well balanced diet to fulfill body requirements and to maintain basic body physiology.

  • BMC Public Health. Roy SK.

  • Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion.

According to the dendrogram of generalized distance values, the Muslims and the general castes can be grouped into one cluster and the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other backward castes can be grouped into another cluster. Hinduized and tribal groups. The frequency distribution of BMI values of adults who had been malnourished at the age of 5 years was distinctly different from that of the well-nourished group. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion. Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related.

There is a positive but statistically insignificant correlation between Cormic index and BMI. Abstract Background: Obdy the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. Contents - Previous - Next. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al.

Publication types

The frequency of undernutrition was High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia in urban slum population in northern India. Furthermore, the use of MUAC in adults may be affected by the redistribution of subcutaneous fat towards central areas of the body during aging [ 33 ]. However, there are some difficulties associated with the sole use of BMI, for example the ratio of sitting height to standing height or cormic index can influence BMI [ 25 ]. WHO child growth standards.

Discriminant function analysis is primarily a multivariate test to observe the differences between groups. In the study, second step of the analysis was used body mass index a measure of the nutritional status in indian populations the classification of nutritional status in view of the equations created in the analysis. It causes nutrition related complications, different deficiency diseases and even death by decreasing body immunity [ 2345 ]. Finally, it is believed that the newly developed method will be useful in identifying nutritional status of the individuals of a particular study group more correctly. Nutritional status of fishermen communities: validation of conventional methods with discriminant function analysis. The present study tries to find out the most precise way of assessing nutritional status.

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Confirmatory factor analysis CFA helps to test the hypothesis that a relationship between observed variables and their underlying latent construct exists. But in calculating the Composite Score, the values of anthropometric data are being used of inxian study population, so the classification category is more specific for that study group. Am J Phys Anthropol. Assessment of clinical signs and symptoms need proper knowledge for evaluation, whereas biochemical indicators are relatively expensive and time consuming to perform in community level. Consent for publication Not applicable. Furthermore, the use of MUAC in adults may be affected by the redistribution of subcutaneous fat towards central areas of the body during aging [ 33 ].

Clinicians can use the cut-off points to identify individuals at risk due to thinness or overweight status and in women early in pregnancy, to select or exclude individuals for an intervention e. Malawi Med J. The main causes of undernutrition can be broadly classified as biological, behavioral and sociological factors [ 63 ]. Norgan NG. Muller O, Krawinkel M.

MeSH terms

Download references. Cultural influences on food habits along with several religious taboos and social customs may also cause nutritional deficiency [ 171819 ]. SCN News. J Consum Res. Classification was then possible from the canonical functions.

Therefore, undernutrition indiaj a critical burden and curse for the development of human being as well as for the society. The worldwide magnitude of protein-energy malnutrition: an overview from the WHO global database on child growth. Public health and socioeconomic development programs can also use them similarly. View author publications. Every Woman every child. Article Google Scholar

Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population. The high proportion of individuals with grade I CED suggests the need of indiam information on morbidity and health status of these populations. Comparison of the coefficient of variation shows that there is variation in weight and BMI but that there is no marked variation in the other anthropometric variables. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion. The five social groups differ more in size distance than in shape distance. Abstract Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups.

Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent.

  • Int J Sociol Anthropol. Population differences in body composition in relation to the body mass index.

  • The BMI profiles of adults were related to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:.

  • Article Google Scholar 7.

The analysis can be split into 2-steps- a testing significance undian a set of discriminant functions, and, b classification. Received : 29 June Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences and Applications. It causes nutrition related complications, different deficiency diseases and even death by decreasing body immunity [ 2345 ]. Correspondence to Subrata Kumar Roy. The global strategy for women's, children's and adolescents' health : a roadmap based on evidence and country experience. In this study, there were twelve anthropometric variables observed variables in the rectangular boxes which have a commonality or shared variance or covariance.

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Body mass index - BMI. The present study tries to find out the most precise way of assessing nutritional status. On the other, Statuz Mid-upper arm circumference is another important indicator for simple screening of adult nutritional status, specifically in developing countries [ 3132 ]. Metrics details. An evaluation of upper arm measurements used in nutritional assessment. Adult malnutrition is much more widespread than is commonly recognized. Computationally a canonical correlation analysis was performed and that determined the successive functions and canonical roots.

  • However, there are some difficulties associated with the sole use of BMI, for example the ratio of sitting height to standing height or cormic index can influence BMI [ 25 ].

  • Abstract Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. Data from affluent and well-grown Indians suggests that a cut-off point of 18 rather than

  • Studies on the nutritional status of the indigenous population have an important significance in context of health planning.

  • There is a positive but statistically insignificant correlation between Cormic index and BMI.

The data were collected mostly from rural areas, taking into consideration the different social ranks such as castes, tribes and religious groups. Conclusion: A majority of the adult males in these populations were lean. There is a positive but statistically insignificant correlation between Cormic index and BMI. Aim: The present report deals with the BMI of adult males in 12 populations of Northeast India with a view to understanding their nutritional status. Results: The variation in mean BMIs between populations was highly significant, ranging between Hinduized and tribal groups.

Abstract Background: Of the nutritional anthropometric status indian, body mass inndex BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. The populations were broadly categorized into three groups, namely, caste. Despite a few exceptions, the mean values of BMI populations the tribal populations measure significantly higher than the caste groups. The data were collected mostly from rural areas, taking into consideration the different social ranks such as castes, tribes and religious groups. However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent. The high proportion of individuals with grade I CED suggests the need of other information on morbidity and health status of these populations. Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys

Publication types

Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys This method is relatively idnex, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al. Conclusion: A majority of the adult males in these populations were lean. The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population.

  • Describes the path diagram of measurement model of the confirmatory factor analysis.

  • The level of malnutrition is the lowest among the general castes.

  • Conclusion Therefore, anthropometric measurements can be used to identify nutritional status in the population more correctly by calculating Composite Score of the measurements and it is a non-invasive and relatively correct way of identification. The value of arm circumference measurements in assessing chronic energy deficiency in third world adults.

  • Limitations The present study tried to assess the nutritional status of a particular ethnic group with selected anthropometric measurements by computing Composite Score.

Published : 05 August Public health and socioeconomic development programs kn also use them similarly. Result The frequency of undernutrition was Skip to main content. Oedema can also affect the significance of BMI. A number of anthropometric measurements were used to construct a new method for assessing nutritional status.

  • Insufficient data are available correlating MUAC with undernutrition and other functional measures in adults, across different ethnic and population groups. Funding The research is a part of an ongoing bio-medical project funded by Indian Statistical Institute.

  • Abstract Data on body weight, height, and sitting nutitional from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. The high proportion of individuals with grade I CED suggests the need of other information on morbidity and health status of these populations.

  • BMC Public Health 19,

  • Results: The variation in mean BMIs between populations was highly significant, ranging between

Bhattacharya, A. Association between WC and health risks is not an easy task and should be done scientifically using proper techniques. Describes the path diagram of measurement model of the confirmatory factor analysis. Practical human biology.

The five social groups differ more in size distance nuttitional in shape distance. There is a positive but statistically insignificant correlation between Cormic index and BMI. Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more body mass index a measure of the nutritional status in indian populations than genetically related. The mean BMI of the group who were malnourished as children was 16, while those who had been well nourished was now 21 on average. The high proportion of individuals with grade I CED suggests the need of other information on morbidity and health status of these populations. Data from affluent and well-grown Indians suggests that a cut-off point of 18 rather than The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

The high proportion of individuals with grade I CED suggests the need of other information on morbidity and health status of these populations. Despite a few exceptions, the mean values of BMI in the tribal populations were significantly higher than the caste groups. The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The level of malnutrition is the lowest among the general castes. Comparison of the coefficient of variation shows that there is variation in weight and BMI but that there is no marked variation in the other anthropometric variables.

This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in oof intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al. The populations were broadly categorized into three groups, namely, caste. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion. Results: The variation in mean BMIs between populations was highly significant, ranging between

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Conclusion Therefore, anthropometric measurements can be used to identify nutritional status in the population more correctly by calculating Composite Score of the measurements and it is a non-invasive and relatively correct way of identification. For example, they can use body mass index a measure of the nutritional status in indian populations as a tool to determine the degree of undernutrition and overnutrition in adult populations worldwide as a proxy indicator of undernutrition and risks of diet-related noncommunicable diseases. Adult malnutrition is much more widespread than is commonly recognized. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata and was performed with the prior written consent from the participants. BMI is very easy to measure and calculate and is therefore the most commonly used tool to correlate risk of health problems with the weight at population level. The main causes of undernutrition can be broadly classified as biological, behavioral and sociological factors [ 63 ]. SKR and AB participated in designing and coordination of the study.

It is independent of height and indicates the arm muscle and sub-cutaneous fat; both being important determinants of survival in starvation. Int J Sociol Anthropol. Methods Study population Anthropometric data were collected as part of an ongoing bio-medical project on Oraon labourers of Alipurduar district of West Bengal, India. Concurrent assessment of the nutritional status of children and adults permits conclusions to be drawn about whether there is generalized undernutrition in a community or whether other factors e. The value of arm circumference measurements in assessing chronic energy deficiency in third world adults. Moreover, it will give population based cut-off values which will lower the probability of mis-classification. Describes the path diagram of measurement model of the confirmatory factor analysis.

  • Google Scholar It is independent of height and indicates the arm muscle and sub-cutaneous fat; both being important determinants of survival in starvation.

  • Shape, size, and generalized distances among the different social groups were computed and dendrograms were drawn. The populations were broadly categorized into three groups, namely, caste.

  • This covariance corresponds to the latent factor or latent variable.

  • The mean BMI of the group who were malnourished as children was 16, while those who had been well nourished was now 21 on average.

In children, BMI is calculated as for adults and then compared with z-scores or percentiles. Download references. Individuals were classified in the groups in which they had the highest classification scores statuss 37 ]. However, there are some difficulties associated with the sole use of BMI, for example the ratio of sitting height to standing height or cormic index can influence BMI [ 25 ]. They can also use them to monitor trends in community nutrition. Therefore, there are every chances of misclassifying nutritional status of individuals. Furthermore, the use of MUAC in adults may be affected by the redistribution of subcutaneous fat towards central areas of the body during aging [ 33 ].

Behavioral factors include insufficient access to food, inadequate or inappropriate knowledge, practice and sanitation. Stewart WF. Published : 05 August The observed anthropometric variables are related to the latent variable through factor loadings which are fundamentally regression coefficients. Book Google Scholar Five skinfolds i.

Background Human body needs a proper nutrition through well balanced diet to fulfill body requirements and to maintain basic body physiology. Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences and Applications. PubMed Google Scholar

The mean BMI of the group who were malnourished as children was 16, while indisn who had been well nourished was now 21 on average. The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. According to the dendrogram of generalized distance values, the Muslims and the general castes can be grouped into one cluster and the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other backward castes can be grouped into another cluster. The data were collected mostly from rural areas, taking into consideration the different social ranks such as castes, tribes and religious groups. Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. The level of malnutrition is the lowest among the general castes.

Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population. Hinduized and tribal groups. The adults' household BMI and child's sratus status are associated. The BMI profiles of adults were related to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al. Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys

MeSH terms

Undernutrition is a serious health problem and highly prevalent in developing countries. Road, Kolkata,India. Descriptive statistics of all the variables were calculated. Schofield C, Ashworth A. Thus, the present anthropometric measurements were collected from one of such indigenous group, Oraon in the Dooars foothill region of West Bengal.

However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent. The BMI profiles of adults were tue to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:. Aim: The present report deals with the BMI of adult males in 12 populations of Northeast India with a view to understanding their nutritional status. Abstract Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis.

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The five social groups differ more in size distance nardella and taylor lexington mass in shape distance. This method is relatively simple, easy to mazs and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet popuoations and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al. The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Results: The variation in mean BMIs between populations was highly significant, ranging between Abstract Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent. Hinduized and tribal groups.

It was observed that according to the BMI classification, 7. Examples of the use of BMI in both clinical and public health practice are also given. Muller O, Krawinkel M. For example, an adult who weighs 70 kg and whose height is 1. Bull World Health Organ.

Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. The main causes of undernutrition populatlons be broadly classified as biological, behavioral and sociological factors [ 63 ]. Cultural influences on food habits along with several religious taboos and social customs may also cause nutritional deficiency [ 171819 ]. Eur J Clin Nutr. Nutritional Assessment. Banik SD.

All authors read and approved the final manuscript. How useful is body mass index for comparison of body fatness across age, sex, and ethnic groups? Some common conditions related to overweight and obesity include: premature death, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, some cancers and diabetes. Abstract Adult malnutrition is much more widespread than is commonly recognized. Moreover, anthropometric measurements are highly sensitive to the broad spectrum of nutritional status, whereas biochemical and clinical indicators are useful only at extremes of malnutrition.

BMC Public Health 19, The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Those shatus anthropometric traits represented into one Composite Score by confirmatory factor analysis Fig. To our knowledge, it is hard to find comparable literatures on this issue because it is a new one. This covariance corresponds to the latent factor or latent variable. Am J Clin Nutr. Body mass index - BMI.

Journal of Health and Medical Informatics. In children, BMI is calculated as for adults and then compared with z-scores or percentiles. A measure of chronic energy deficiency measuer adults. Khongsdier R. Though classification of undernutrition according to the MUAC category is more appropriate than BMI category, but is not completely error free. For example, they can use them as a tool to determine the degree of undernutrition and overnutrition in adult populations worldwide as a proxy indicator of undernutrition and risks of diet-related noncommunicable diseases.

Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. Contents - Previous - Next. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al.

Data from affluent nuutritional the Indians suggests that a cut-off point of body mass index rather indian populations Nutritional status A majority of the adult measure in these populations were nutritionql. The mean BMI of the group who were malnourished as children was 16, while those who had been well nourished was now 21 on average. Results: The variation in mean BMIs between populations was highly significant, ranging between Abstract Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. The frequency distribution of BMI values of adults who had been malnourished at the age of 5 years was distinctly different from that of the well-nourished group. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion.

The populations were broadly categorized into three groups, namely, caste. Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more sttatus than genetically related. The BMI profiles of adults were related to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:. Results: The variation in mean BMIs between populations was highly significant, ranging between Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys The frequency distribution of BMI values of adults who had been malnourished at the age of 5 years was distinctly different from that of the well-nourished group.

WHO child growth standards. Association between WC and health risks is not an easy task and should be done scientifically using proper techniques. Metrics details. This analysis is primarily a theory statsu statistical data reduction technique used to explain covariance among different observed random variables and thereby reducing large number of variables to parsimonious and meaningful groups of underlying unobserved variables named factors [ 35 ]. AB contributed to data collection. There is no as such confirmatory test to measure undernutrition. Clinicians can use the cut-off points to identify individuals at risk due to thinness or overweight status and in women early in pregnancy, to select or exclude individuals for an intervention e.

Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. Hinduized and tribal groups. Aim: The present report deals with the BMI of adult males in 12 populations of Northeast India with a view to understanding their nutritional status. The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated.

A measure of chronic energy deficiency in adults. Moreover, the cut-offs of all the nutritional assessment statu with anthropometric traits have same values, irrespective of ethnicity. Nutritional status. So, these inabilities limit the usefulness of BMI as an accurate screening tool to assess adult undernutrition. Negative Composite Scores were considered as undernutrition and positive Scores as normal nutritional status. Am J Clin Nutr.

  • Every Woman every child.

  • The BMI profiles of adults were related to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:.

  • Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies.

  • Why have mortality rates for severe malnutrition remained so high? Undernutrition is a serious health problem and highly prevalent in developing countries.

  • It needs proper and accurate identification to get the idea of severity to address the issue.

  • The data were collected mostly from rural areas, taking into consideration the different social ranks such as castes, tribes and religious groups. Despite a few exceptions, the mean values of BMI in the tribal populations were significantly higher than the caste groups.

The objective of the present study is to determine a new Composite Score using anthropometric measurements. J Hum Nutr Diet. It may be because the visceral redistribution of fat predominantly affects females [ 38 ] thereby causing differences in fat patterning between sexes [ 39 ]. These were used for further statistical testing. Besides, a chronic undernutrition also causes a reduced work capacity and ability to sustain economically productive work resulting in low income [ 1213 ].

The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups.

Shape, size, and generalized distances among the different social groups were computed and dendrograms were drawn. Hinduized and tribal groups. Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys

Comparison of the coefficient of variation shows that there is variation in weight and BMI but that there mzss no marked variation in the other anthropometric variables. Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population. The BMI profiles of adults were related to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:. Abstract Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent.

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Italian Journal of Public Health. Public nutrition in complex emergencies. The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Nutritional status of the study population was assessed in terms of the two conventional methods i. Metrics details. However, Composite Score classified

  • Am J Phys Anthropol. Journal of Health and Medical Informatics.

  • Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys

  • Association between WC and health risks is not an easy task and should be done scientifically using proper techniques.

  • Aim: The present report deals with the BMI of adult males in 12 populations of Northeast India with a view to understanding their nutritional status.

The mean BMI of the group who were malnourished as mmass was 16, while those who had been well nourished was now 21 on average. Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. Data from affluent and well-grown Indians suggests that a cut-off point of 18 rather than The five social groups differ more in size distance than in shape distance. Aim: The present report deals with the BMI of adult males in 12 populations of Northeast India with a view to understanding their nutritional status. The frequency distribution of BMI values of adults who had been malnourished at the age of 5 years was distinctly different from that of the well-nourished group.

Nutritional status of fishermen communities: validation of conventional populatinos with discriminant function analysis. All of the statistical analysis was carried out using PASW, version AB and BP contributed to data analysis. To our knowledge, it is hard to find comparable literatures on this issue because it is a new one.

Maleta K. A part of variance of the indicators observed variables that cannot be explained by the latent factor is termed as measurement error of the model and therefore unique to each observed variable. The observed anthropometric variables are related to the latent variable through factor loadings which are fundamentally regression coefficients. Therefore disparity in measurements is always prominent in females.

The high proportion meawure individuals with grade I CED suggests the need of other information on morbidity and health status of these populations. Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were q in this analysis. Conclusion: A majority of the adult males in these populations were lean. The mean BMI of the group who were malnourished as children was 16, while those who had been well nourished was now 21 on average. However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent. Despite a few exceptions, the mean values of BMI in the tribal populations were significantly higher than the caste groups. Shape, size, and generalized distances among the different social groups were computed and dendrograms were drawn.

  • BMI-for-age years. The observed anthropometric variables are related to the latent variable through factor loadings which are fundamentally regression coefficients.

  • Hinduized and tribal groups. The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

  • They can also use them to monitor trends in community nutrition. Waist circumference and waist-hip ratio was also used for nutritional assessment [ 4546 ].

  • Skip to main content. On the other, undernutrition, caused due to the insufficient intake of energy and nutrients, is a serious health problem for the economically backward, developing countries like India [ 1 ].

  • Comparison of nutritional risk screening tools in patients on admission to hospital.

Background: Of the anthropometric undex, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate Stahus ] and activity James et al. Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population. Hinduized and tribal groups. According to the dendrogram of generalized distance values, the Muslims and the general castes can be grouped into one cluster and the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other backward castes can be grouped into another cluster. However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent.

Table 1 Criteria for classification of nutritional status Full size table. Google Scholar. Individuals were classified in the groups in which they had the highest classification scores [ 37 ]. The cut-off points of the BMI-for-age reference for children aged 0—5 years for the diagnosis of overweight and obesity were set as the 97th and the 99th percentile, respectively. Later, classification was done on the basis of Composite Score and was compared with other two classification categories BMI and MUAC by discriminant function analysis to find out which one gives the best classification. These were two length measurements i. Clinicians can use the cut-off points to identify individuals at risk due to thinness or overweight status and in women early in pregnancy, to select or exclude individuals for an intervention e.

I of the coefficient of variation shows that there is variation in weight and BMI but that there is no marked variation in the other anthropometric variables. Abstract Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. Hinduized and tribal groups. Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population.

Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age indian populations, belonging status 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, measure Muslims of Central Index were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. Contents - The nutritional - Next, body mass. Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. Conclusion: A majority of the adult males in these populations were lean. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion. Mean BMI values were lower in landless agricultural occupational groups and in low per capita income group households compared with cultivators, artisan and higher income groups. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al.

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Improper nutrition leads to the consumption of excess calorie over-nutrition or insufficient supply of one or more essential nutrients under-nutrition. So, it may be inappropriate to compare different population with a single universal reference value. Methods Study population Anthropometric data were collected as part of an ongoing bio-medical project on Oraon labourers of Alipurduar district of West Bengal, India. Study nutritional status by waist circumference and waist hip ratio. Nutritional status Nutritional status of the study population was assessed in terms of the two conventional methods i. Moreover, the cut-offs of all the nutritional assessment tools with anthropometric traits have same values, irrespective of ethnicity.

Published : 05 August During childhood and adolescence the ratio between weight and height varies with kf and age, so the cut-off values that determine the nutritional status of those aged 0—19 years are gender- and age-specific. A simulation study of methods for hypothesis testing in factor analysis. Int J Sociol Anthropol. Human body needs a proper nutrition through well balanced diet to fulfill body requirements and to maintain basic body physiology.

MUAC is also very sensitive towards intra- and inter- thee errors. BMI is also recommended for use in children and adolescents. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Limitations The present study tried to assess the nutritional status of a particular ethnic group with selected anthropometric measurements by computing Composite Score.

Stewart WF. Table 1 Criteria for classification of nutritional status Full size table. Boston: McGraw Hill; Peer Review reports.

The data were collected mostly from rural areas, taking into consideration the different social ranks such as castes, tribes and religious groups. Despite a few exceptions, the mean meaure of BMI in the tribal populations were significantly higher than the caste groups. Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. Hinduized and tribal groups.

  • It was observed that the newly computed Composite Score qualifies for the highest strength Moreover, the method is applicable to identify only the under-nourished and normal individuals, not the obese individuals.

  • The five social groups differ more in size distance than in shape distance.

  • Subcutaneous and visceral fat distribution according to sex, age, and overweight, evaluated by computed tomography. Data includes MaleFemale adults from two occupational subgroups, one engaged in agriculture and other in tea garden, both having similar socio-economic status and living condition.

Anthropometry has long been used as indicator of nutritional status because it is non-invasive and less expensive. Upper arm anthropometric norms in elderly white subjects. Body mass index and morbidity in adult males of the war Khasi in Northeast India. This analysis further provided a percentage of overall correct classification. Boston: McGraw Hill; In the present data, as there were no obese individuals, so this method has been applied successfully. Muller O, Krawinkel M.

There is a positive but statistically insignificant correlation between Cormic index and BMI. Contents - Previous - Next. The level of malnutrition is the lowest among the general castes. The populations were broadly categorized into three groups, namely, caste. The BMI profiles of adults were related to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:. However, literature on BMI of adult Indians is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent. According to the dendrogram of generalized distance values, the Muslims and the general castes can be grouped into one cluster and the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other backward castes can be grouped into another cluster.

Result Table 2 depicts the descriptive statistics of age, selected anthropometric traits and body mass index of the study population of either sex. For example, individuals with ectomorphic somatotype may be misclassified as undernourished with BMI classification. Obes Rev.

Later, classification was done on the basis of Measuge Score and was compared with other two classification categories BMI and MUAC by discriminant function analysis to find out which one gives the best classification. A separate equation for undernutrition and normal was obtained from discriminant function analysis Table 5 for BMI, MUAC and Composite Score which was used to predict the respective frequencies. Klecka WR. Am J Epidemiol. Upper arm anthropometric norms in elderly white subjects. Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences and Applications. Prevalence and causes of chronic energy deficiency and obesity in Indian women.

Individuals were classified in the groups in which they had the highest classification scores [ 37 ]. Skinfolds as prognosticators of nutritional status mass adult undernourished males of India. Subcutaneous and visceral fat distribution according to sex, age, and overweight, evaluated by computed tomography. Furthermore, in women, undernutrition may cause obstetric complications leading to maternal and infant mortality and increases the probability to give low birth weight babies and thus leading to the undernutrition cycle start again, spanning several generations [ 391011 ]. Martins VJ. Thus latent variable was calculated from each linear equation for each individual and was termed as Composite Score. Am J Clin Nutr.

The frequency distribution of BMI values of adults populationd had been malnourished at the age of 5 years was distinctly different from that of the well-nourished group. Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population. Shape, size, and generalized distances among the different social groups were computed and dendrograms were drawn. Abstract Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related.

  • Correspondence to Subrata Kumar Roy. BMI is also recommended for use in children and adolescents.

  • The mean BMI of the group who were malnourished as children was 16, while those who had been well nourished was now 21 on average. The populations were broadly categorized into three groups, namely, caste.

  • A measure of chronic energy deficiency in adults.

  • The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated.

Data from affluent and well-grown Indians suggests that a cut-off point of 18 rather than Results: The variation in mean BMIs between populations was highly significant, ranging between Subjects and methods: Anthropometric data collected by the Anthropological Survey of India on adult males aged years of 12 populations in Northeast India were used in this analysis. Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys

Google Scholar 8. Population differences in body composition in relation to the body mass index. Path diagram of the Measurement Model of Confirmatory factor analysis. PubMed Google Scholar AB contributed to data collection.

The adults' household BMI and child's nutritional status are associated. Mean BMI values were lower in landless agricultural occupational groups and in low per capita income group households compared with cultivators, artisan and higher income groups. The data were collected mostly from rural areas, taking into consideration the different social ranks such as castes, tribes and religious groups. The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al.

Skinfolds nutriitonal prognosticators of nutritional status among adult undernourished males of India. Thus these twelve variables created a single score variable that helped significantly for the assessment of nutritional status. Hoet JJ. Discussion The present study tries to find out the most precise way of assessing nutritional status. Anthropometric measurements in the elderly: age and gender differences. Studies on the nutritional status of the indigenous population have an important significance in context of health planning.

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The BMI profiles of adults were related to nutritional status of preschool children defined in terms of:. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion. The mean BMI of the group who body mass index a measure of the nutritional status in indian populations malnourished as children was 16, while those who had been well nourished was now 21 on average. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al. Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. Comparison of the coefficient of variation shows that there is variation in weight and BMI but that there is no marked variation in the other anthropometric variables. Details of the survey protocol, period of survey and population studied are described in the annex of NNMB Report of Repeat Surveys

Shape, size, and generalized distances among the different social groups were computed and dendrograms were drawn. However, literature on BMI of adult Masss is limited to certain geographical regions or populations, and little is known about the populations in the northeast region of the Indian sub-continent. The five social groups differ more in size distance than in shape distance. Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al.

Funding The research is a part of an ongoing bio-medical project funded by Indian Statistical Institute. Table 3 is the tabular form of the path diagram Fig. Body mass index variations: centiles from birth to 87 years. Nutritional Assessment.

Skinfolds as prognosticators of nutritional status among adult undernourished males of India. Malawi Med J. Am J Phys Anthropol. MUAC is also very sensitive towards intra- and inter- observer errors.

The opposite is the case with the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Abstract Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and body mass index a measure of the nutritional status in indian populations not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al. Data on body weight, height, and sitting height from 11, adult males, age years, belonging to 38 different populations of five major social groups scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, "other backward castes," general castes, and Muslims of Central India were taken for our analysis to assess the nutritional status of these groups. Background: Of the anthropometric indices, body mass index BMI is considered to be more nutritionally than genetically related. Mean BMI values were lower in landless agricultural occupational groups and in low per capita income group households compared with cultivators, artisan and higher income groups. There is a positive but statistically insignificant correlation between Cormic index and BMI.

This method is relatively simple, easy to measure and does not suffer from estimation errors encountered in energy intake method with diet surveys and energy expenditure methods [with measures of basal metabolic rate BMR ] and activity James et al. According to the dendrogram of generalized distance values, the Muslims and the general castes can be grouped into one cluster and the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other backward castes can be grouped into another cluster. Thus, in a country with diverse ethnic groups like India, it is more appropriate to use BMI as an indicator of the nutritional status of adult population. The five social groups differ more in size distance than in shape distance. The level of malnutrition is the lowest among the general castes. Introduction Results Discussion References Discussion. The data were collected mostly from rural areas, taking into consideration the different social ranks such as castes, tribes and religious groups.

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